HIV/AIDS Skepticism

Pointing to evidence that HIV is not the necessary and sufficient cause of AIDS

Posts Tagged ‘HIV/AIDS dissent in mainstream journal’

Clinical significance of immune-system laboratory tests

Posted by Henry Bauer on 2011/11/25

The Italian Journal of Anatomy and Embryology has now published (volume 116 #1, supplement, 2011, p. 157) the abstract of the poster shown in AIDS Rethinking presented in Mainstream Conferences (posted on 2011/09/29). The mainstream literature now contains this summary of crucial deficiencies of HIV/AIDS theory, in a journal abstracted by PubMed.

Clinical significance of immune-system laboratory tests
Marco  Ruggiero 1 ,  Stefania  Pacini 2 ,  Tiziana  Punzi 2 ,  Gabriele  Morucci 2 ,  Massimo  Gulisano 2   Claus
Koehnlein 3 , Henry H. Bauer 4
1  Dipartimento di Patologia e Oncologia Sperimentali, Università degli Studi di Firenze, Italia
2  Dipartimento di Anatomia, Istologia e Medicina Legale, Università degli Studi di Firenze, Italia
3  Internistische Praxis, Koenigsweg 14, 24103 Kiel, Germany
4  Chemistry and Science Studies, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA 24060-5623, USA

Anatomists  and  many  other  medical  specialists  rely  on  clinical  laboratories  for
critical information to assist in diagnosis, prognosis, and the evaluation of treatments.
However, the clinical laboratories do not always accompany their numbers with
sufficient  information  about  the  significance of certain results: how great the quantitative
variation  of  a  given  parameter  might  be  in  healthy  subjects,  and  how  likely  it
might  be  that  a  given  qualitative  (“yes”  or  “no”)  result  is  a  false  positive  or  false
negative. This situation has been particularly troublesome in the case of HIV, because
there is no “gold standard” HIV test and the typically quantitated measure, CD4, varies
widely  for  a  variety  of  reasons  that  have  nothing  to  do  with  HIV  infection.  For
example, a person pronounced HIV-positive after having some vaccinations became
HIV-negative  again  after  a  time,  something  that  is  not  regarded  as  possible  if  HIV-
positive  denotes  definitely  active  infection,  as  is  commonly  assumed.  An  important
consequence  of  deficient  information  about  HIV  epidemiology  is  that  students  of
anatomy may fear risking possible infection in dissection laboratories when the actual
risk  is  negligible  even  in  respect  to  anonymous  cadavers  in  South Africa  where  the
supposed  incidence  of  HIV  is  particularly  high.  We  have  previously  pointed  to  the
need to improve HIV epidemiology and related public policy by recognizing and taking
into  account  the  weaknesses  in  HIV  testing,  which  are  the  probable  reason  for
at  least  some  of  the  troubling  conundrums  and  mutually  contradictory  data  that
seem inexplicable: conflicting estimates of HIV infections and of  HIV-disease deaths
from  equally  authoritative  sources;  apparently  drastically  different  primary  modes
of  transmission  in  different  geographic  regions;  extreme  racial  disparities  in  HIV
infection,  with Asians  and Asian Americans  consistently  less  affected,  by  about  one
third,  than  white Americans,  while  black Americans  are  affected  by  as  much  as  an
order of magnitude more than white Americans. Testing uncertainties doubtless also
contribute  to  the  confusion  as  to  whether  certain  conditions  (e.g.  lipodystrophy  or
nephropathy) should be described as HIV-associated or as AIDS-associated. In recent
work  we  have  found  that  the  immune  system,  including  CD4  counts,  can  be  markedly
enhanced by easily modified dietary supplementation that has none of the toxic
side-effects  of  the  antiretroviral  drugs  currently  used  in  the  attempt  to  elevate  CD4
counts in HIV-positive people.

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